Modules (The most subscribed modules will be run)


The aim of the module is to go beyond a mechanical understanding of participation. Not just learn the basic skills and tools of participatory research, but take the next step and change the way development is perceived.
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Development, progress and wellbeing have no meaning – neither are they sustainable – until they are shared by all. But what does it concretely mean and how can such a process be ensured? For us, in Praxis, participation in development means something more than a mechanical process realised through the application of a set of tools. It is a complex process that requires adequate facilitation skills, attitudes and readiness to change oneself and the surrounding power structures.


This module will introduce participants to the fundamentals of participation and its role in the development sector, enumeration or participatory numbers and collective analyses of the facilitation skills and attitudes which are required to enable a participatory process. The module will also include with the various tools and methodologies which currently fall within the large definition of PRA/PLA. The module will be experiential; hence participants will have plenty of opportunities to practise their day-to-day learning.


Recommended profile of participants

This module is intended for development professionals, activists, PRA/PLA beginners, researchers.


Participatory monitoring and evaluation (PME) is not an end in itself, but a way forward. Learn how to help a stakeholder not only get feedback on a process, but also play a decisive and inclusive role in achieving a larger outcome.
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In recent years, it has become more and more evident that meaningfully monitoring and evaluating a project is as critical as planning and implementing it. A significant shift has also occurred in terms of M&E objectives, moving from a sterile “result-oriented” evaluation exercise to an empowering opportunity to learn and do better. Now, the next challenge is to understand who the key players are in this process and ensure their inclusion. In other words, as Robert Chambers and other practitioners already questioned, “whose reality counts?” And further, “who count reality?”


The objective of this module is to explore and discuss effective ways of enabling communities and primary stakeholders of any development process to have a decisive influence over the objectives, processes, policies and outcomes of transformations aspired by them. Here the discussions would be aided by presentations of relevant case studies and experiences along with sessions on suitable participatory methods, e.g. social audits, citizen jury processes and large-scale PME systems. The field work will also focus on the use of social equity auditing tools along with other generic participatory planning, monitoring and evaluation tools. 


Recommended profile of participants

This module is recommended for all professionals who aspire to acquire/improve their knowledge and skills in the field of PME. Special emphasis is put on the participatory approach, hence being familiar with PRA/PLA principles and techniques may be an advantage.


Participatory action research is a community-led process of continuous collection of data, analysis of evidence and taking action based on this, which opens the space for further data collection and keeps this cycle going.
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The three words, participation, action and research have their own origins and significance. Combining all three elements into a process in real terms creates a programme that makes itself accountable to the community it seeks to serve. It establishes the principle of collective learning by doing and entrenching the praxis of development well within the community. Having evolved for over a decade now, it has created its own theoretical premise and come up with a number of operational challenges that provide the opportunity to innovate and customise according to local needs.


This module talks about key principles, examples of operational challenges, evolving of tools and instruments to facilitate participation action research. It will have a component of hands-on experience of using the tools with community groups to make the process of communities creating, owning and using the data a self-sustaining one over a period of time.


Recommended profile of participants

This module is intended for development professionals, activists, PRA/PLA practitioners, researchers.



Globally, the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) act as an instrument for preventing and assessing human rights risks posed by business enterprises. The contemporary discussion on this theme has also brought into picture the pressing need for human rights due diligence by the companies, to report on the violation and address them, present if any, in the company value chain. In the Indian context, the National Guidelines on Responsible Business Conduct, especially Principle 5, also stresses the duty of business to respect and promote human rights by regulating operations that puts human rights at-risk.
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While businesses do carry out due diligence of CSOs, the latter does not necessarily embark into any equivalent due-diligence on the companies that they partner with. The absence of such processes by those who usually engage with these businesses often leads to unwarranted compromising of principles. The need is also to engage communities affected by the businesses in these due-diligence processes. The module on ‘Community-based Due Diligence of companies’ would guide the participants on challenges and processes involved in developing a contextualized framework for assessing and drawing their own priorities and principles, prior to engaging with the businesses. For example, Some organizations already have defined non-negotiables such as not taking funding from the tobacco and alcohol industry or those drawing excessive groundwater. This framework would help the stakeholders in developing key non-negotiable principles of engagement such as those. It is important that the process of evolving and implementing due-diligence framework is informed by the voices of the community.

This module aims to build the framework through primary and secondary sources to help participants with:

  •  How to understand publically available information in Business Responsibility Reports, Annual Reports, and Sustainability Reports and analyze them
  • How to frame, evolve and implement non-negotiables to define engagement
  • How to reach out for primary information from affected communities in a systematic and rapid way.